An outbreak of the Nipah virus has been identified in India: what are its symptoms (5 photos)

Category: Health, PEGI 16
19 September 2023

Over the past few weeks, India has already recorded two deaths from Nipah virus. It is unknown how many more people may appear carriers of this virus, which kills 75% of those infected. According to World Health Organization, the virus is quite capable of causing new global pandemic.

An outbreak of the deadly Nipah virus has been detected in India. which has already killed two people. The virus is rare and deadly - with mortality rate 75%. It is transmitted to humans from animals, and can also transmitted through contaminated food or physical contact with another an infected person. Nipah spreads quite quickly, and it the incubation period can last up to 45 days - so people those who carry the virus have no symptoms and feel completely healthy.

Symptoms of the virus: fever, headache, cough, pain in throat, vomiting. In severe cases, patients may experience disorientation, seizures, coma, or inflammation of the brain (encephalitis). Vaccines or There is no cure for Nipah virus, so treatment is usually limited to relief of symptoms. In patients who have survived the virus, prolonged neurological symptoms and seizures are observed.

Nipah can affect a variety of animals, including horses, pigs, sheep, goats, cats, dogs and especially bats. Fruit bats are its main carriers. Most often they They infect fruits that, when eaten, become infected. The virus itself discovered in 1998 among pig farmers in Malaysia.

Now the Indian authorities are trying in every possible way to contain spread of the virus by closing schools, offices and stopping public transport. The current outbreak is concentrated in south Indian Kerala, where early outbreaks were reported in 2018, 2019 and 2021 years.

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